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"Carbon Neutral" to Reshape Supply Pattern of Steel Industry

"Carbon Neutral" to Reshape Supply Pattern of Steel Industry

2021-04-07

From mid-to-late March, the news of Tangshan's production restriction became the focus of market attention. The prices of rebar and HRC have reached new highs, and the profit per ton of steel has also expanded significantly. According to calculations, the gross profit per ton of steel rebar has reached 900 yuan at the end of March, and the average gross profit per ton of steel in 2020 will be 300-400 yuan.

 

In the medium term, Tangshan's current production restriction upgrade can be regarded as part of the implementation of the "carbon neutral" policy. The current production restriction began in the environmental inspection in mid-March. After that, some relevant steel plant leaders were taken criminal punishments. Such punishments are extremely rare in environmental inspections. To a certain extent, it reflects the government's tightening of environmental law enforcement. It demonstrates the determination to implement carbon neutral policies. In the short term, the impact of production restriction measures has been reflected. Tangshan blast furnace operating rate and blast furnace capacity utilization have both declined, steel supply has shrunk, and billet prices have continuously set new highs.

 

Under the conditions of'carbon neutrality' and limited supply, the billet performance is more eye-catching. Since late March, that is, after the release of the 30%-50% annual production limit and emission reduction measures for the blast furnace of Tangshan Steel Plant, Tangshan billet inventory has shown a rapid decline. , The price of billet has risen sharply, so far, the general billet has risen to 5,020 yuan/ton.

 

According to estimates, the use of a short process to make one ton of steel can reduce 1.6 tons of carbon emissions, save 350 kilograms of standard coal, 1.7 tons of fresh water, and use 1.6 tons of fine ore. At the same time, it can reduce 86% of waste gas, 76% of waste water and 92% of waste gas. % Of solid waste is discharged, greatly accelerating the "carbon neutrality" process of the steel industry. Therefore, at the end of December 2020, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued a public solicitation of "Guiding Opinions on Promoting the High-quality Development of the Iron and Steel Industry (Draft for Solicitation of Comments)" and proposed that the scrap ratio should reach 30%. Compared with the current 21% to 30% in 2025, carbon emissions will be reduced by 93.42 million tons. Therefore, under the circumstance of unchanged steel production, the supply of some long-process steel mills will inevitably shift to short-process steel mills. Since this year, crude steel output still has a year-on-year increase of more than 10%. The future "carbon neutral" policy may Will reshape the supply pattern of the industry.



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